Each year the UK government releases their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions factors for company reporting. Within the carbon footprinting sector they are often know as Defra’s GHG emissions factors, despite now being produced by the Government department, BEIS (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy). They are an invaluable resource for carbon footprint professionals.
In August the latest factors where released. Each year it is interesting to see how the UK has progressed towards decarbonising the national electricity grid. Are the ambitious carbon reductions of UK electricity on track? Or is it yet more disappointment. The latest factors reveal the status quo.
UK's Carbon Footprint of Electricity
Breakdown of UK's Carbon Footprint of Electricity
- Electricity generation: These are the emissions directly at the power stations, e.g. from burning natural gas, coal, and other fossil fuels.
- Transmission and distribution (T&D): The losses in the transmission and distribution network.
- Well to tank (WTT) of generation: This is the fuel extraction, processing and transport emissions of the fuel consumed at power stations.
- Well to tank of transmission and distribution: This accounts for the fuel extraction, processing and transport emissions of the energy lost through the distribution network.
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The UK’s GHG emission factors for company reporting 2017 can be downloaded at the Government’s website, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/greenhouse-gas-reporting-conversion-factors-2017